Asian Women - The Research Institute of Asian Women Journal
[ Article ]
OMNES: The Journal of Multicultural Society - Vol. 8, No. 3, pp.126-160
ISSN: 2093-5498 (Print)
Print publication date 31 Jul 2018
Received 02 Jul 2018 Revised 16 Jul 2018 Accepted 20 Jul 2018
DOI: https://doi.org/10.14431/omnes.2018.07.8.3.126

The Social Integration Policy for Foreigners in Korea and its Effects on Migrant Women’s Networks: An Observational Study

Hyun Sook Kim
Sookmyung Women’s University

Abstract

In the past, women migrated as part of a family and for family reunification, but recently they have been migrating according to their own independent purposes. As the quantity of women’s immigration increases, the feminization of migration has emerged as one prominent feature in international migration. In international migration, the migrant network is a major resource, and it is one major factor that greatly influences migrants’ settlement, stabilization, and successful migration in the host country. Therefore, the present study investigated the role of migrant networks in international migration and examined how migrant network policies are implemented in Korea’s social integration policy for foreigners. The researcher analyzed the status of migrant women’s networks in Korea, which have been neglected in Korea’s policy implementation. The results showed that migrant women in Korea have been excluded from the formation of a network that could enable them to acquire resources in their settlement due to their vulnerable social status. The policy was mostly focused on marriage migrant women and their families due to Koreans’ putting emphasis on the bloodline based on patriarchal thinking. It was also found that women who migrated with the purpose of securing a job by joining the formal market area had more difficulties in accessing the migrant network because of the lack of time and economic burden. More practical policies need to be established to facilitate network formation and access for all migrant women, through which they can acquire resources.

Keywords:

migrant women, migrant women’s network, feminization of migration, social integration, international migration

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Biographical Note

Hyun Sook Kim received her Ph.D. in Political Science from Sookmyung Women’s University. She is currently a Research Professor at the Research Institute of Asian Women, Sookmyung Women’s University. Her research interests include migrant issues, multiculturalism, gender studies, official development assistance (ODA), and human rights. Email: k9402011@sookmyung.ac.kr