OMNES : The Journal of multicultural society

Current Issue

OMNES: The Journal of Multicultural Society - Vol. 10 , No. 2

[ Article ]
OMNES: The Journal of Multicultural Society - Vol. 10, No. 2, pp.51-72
ISSN: 2093-5498 (Print)
Print publication date 31 Jul 2020
Received 10 Jan 2020 Revised 01 May 2020 Accepted 01 Jul 2020
DOI: https://doi.org/10.14431/omnes.2020.07.10.2.51

An Existentialist Reconciliation of African (Yoruba) Cultural Canons and Sustainable Development Goals
Abidemi Olufemi Adebayo
Redeemer’s University, Nigeria


Abstract

The paper examines how the African (Yoruba) cultural canons and belief system are in collision with the objectives of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) of the United Nations. The collision has been born out of the non-lineal temporal divergence in the emergence of the Yoruba cultural beliefs and the conception of the Sustainable Development Goals. The inconsistencies have been explored through an existentialist lens as the theoretical guide for this paper. This is because existentialism exalts the individual will in an irrational world. Among the Yoruba, there are beliefs and practices that offend individual Goals of the SDGs. For example, the current s’ogbedi’gboro (urbanization for modernization) philosophy needs be discarded as it offends Goal 13-Climate Actions as a result of inordinate deforestation. In the same vein, the okobeerel’oyegomina (the governor deserves a large fleet of cars as convoy) philosophy and the ololajulo needs be jettisoned as itwidens economic inequality in Africa. This is pertinent because it is in contravention of SDGs Goal 10-Reduced Inequalities. The Yoruba attitude to female children, judicial philosophy, subservient disposition to the West, and the aboriginal knowledge system are not in consonance with the spirit of the overall principles of the SDGs. To this end, the Yoruba (African) native belief system as well as cultural practices need be modified in order that the essence of the SDGs will be accomplished in the Yoruba region and in the entirety of Africa.


Keywords: Yoruba beliefs, SDGs, Africa, existentialism, United Nations, west

References
1. Akintoye, V. A., & Opeyemi, O. A. (2014). Prospects for Achieving Sustainable Development Through the Millennium Development Goals in Nigeria. European Journal of Sustainable Development, 3(1), 33-33.
2. Aoav., & Nwgav. (2013, December 12). The violent road: The Nigeria’s Southwest. Action on Armed Violence. Retrieved from https://aoav.org.uk/2013/the-violent-road-nigeria-south-west
3. Bittles, A., & Black, M. (2010). Factors and forces influencing human variation. In C. Mascie-Taylor, A. Yasukouch, & S. Ulijaszek. (Eds.). Human variation from the Laboratory to the Field. Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press.
4. Conner, M., & Armitage, C. (2010). The Social Psychology of Food. New York, NY: Open University Press.
5. Jouvenel, H. (2001). The nature of the future. In J. Binde (Ed.), Keys to the 21st Century. New York, NY: Berghahn Books.
6. Monforth, M., & Munt, I. (2009). Tourism and Sustainable Development, Globalization and New Tourism in the Third Word. New York, NY: Routledge.
7. Okon, P. P.(2019, March 18). ExPresident Olusegun Obasanjo Appointed Chairman of World Ex-Presidents. Headline News Nigeria. Retrieved from http://headlinenewsnigeria.com/ex-president-olusegun-obasanjo-appointed-chairman-of-world-ex-presidents
8. Okpewho, I. (1992). African oral literature: Backgrounds, character, and continuity. Indianapolis, IN: Indiana University Press.
9. Rigg, J. (2007). An everyday geography South. New York, NY: Routledge.
10. Rosenthal, A. (2010). Reinhold Niebuhr and the crisis of liberation: Augustinian Realism and democratic politics in the post-Enlightenment. In Losonczi, P., & Singh, A. (Eds.), From Political Theory to Political Theology. London, UK: Bloomsbury Publishing.
11. Sadik, O. (2015). Energy Crisis in Nigeria: Nanotechnology as a Sustainable Option Using Nanotechnology as a Way Forward. A Lecture Delivered at the 77th Convocation Ceremony of the Redeemer’s University of Nigeria.
12. Saraki, B. (2017). Nigerian Legislature and the Sustainable Development Goals: From Self Assessment to Engagement. Abuja, Nigeria: National Institute for Legislative Studies.
13. Toromade, S. (2018, December 24). Nigeria ends 2018 with 90.8 million people living in Extreme Poverty. Pulse NG. Retrieved from https://www.pulse.ng/news/local/nigeria-ends-2018-with-908-million-people-living-in-extreme-poverty/nljxqtj
14. Yerima, A. (2015). Culture, Drama and National Ethos. Ibadan, Nigeria: Ebony Books & Kreations.

Biographical Note

Adebayo Abidemi Olufemi (Ph.D.) teaches African Literature in the Department of English, Redeemer’s University, Ede, Osun State, Nigeria. His areas of interest include African Culture, Popular Culture in Digital Literature, and Literary Stylistics. E-mail: femishakespeare@yahoo.com