OMNES : The Journal of multicultural society

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OMNES: The Journal of Multicultural Society - Vol. 11, No. 1

[ Article ]
OMNES: The Journal of Multicultural Society - Vol. 11, No. 1, pp.46-86
ISSN: 2093-5498 (Print)
Print publication date 31 Jan 2021
Received 10 Nov 2020 Revised 07 Dec 2020 Accepted 17 Dec 2020

The Geopolitical Effects of Turkey’s Diaspora: An International Perspective
Ben Duke
University College London, United Kingdom


This paper provides a conceptual theoretical review of the multiple aspects of Turkey’s diaspora. The analysis of the geopolitical influence of Turkey’s diaspora reveals a complex geopolitical mosaic, which is often a combination of many different diaspora. A political analysis of Turkey’s diaspora would include the consideration of internationalization, investment, expansion, and remittance transfers from the destination country to Turkey. This paper informs us of some of the political determinants that have influenced present-day Turkish diaspora since the year 2000. For example, Turkey’s transition from an inward-oriented to an outward-oriented economy, reinforced by financial liberalization legislation in the early 2000s. This paper discusses the effect of clicktivism, a social actor, which has enabled the political mobilization of a significant proportion of Turkey’s diaspora. The countries providing the most outward migration flows from Turkey are identified e.g., Albania and Montenegro. There are also positive reasons why a significant number of Turkish citizens have chosen to leave their birth land. The paper discusses the educational, business, socio-economic, and cultural reasons why people from Turkey now form part of the Turkish diaspora.

Keywords: Turkey’s diaspora, integration, soft power, clicktivism, political mobilization

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Biographical Note

Ben Duke has research interests in higher education and political science. He works as a researcher for UCL, University College London UK, on the Global Disability Innovation Hub research project. He has worked as research fellow in the Department of Modern Languages and Culture, University of Nottingham, UK. He has worked as researcher in the Faculty of Arts, Science and Technology, University of Northampton, UK. Ben Duke has had eight discussion papers published including a book chapter, his most recent article being printed in July 2020. He is an NHS UK Governor and does voluntary work for an anti-human trafficking project and other UK charities. Email: