OMNES : The Journal of multicultural society

Current Issue

OMNES: The Journal of Multicultural Society - Vol. 11, No. 2

[ Article ]
OMNES: The Journal of Multicultural Society - Vol. 11, No. 2, pp.100-121
ISSN: 2093-5498 (Print)
Print publication date 31 Jul 2021
Received 22 Jun 2021 Revised 26 Jul 2021 Accepted 30 Jul 2021
DOI: https://doi.org/10.14431/omnes.2021.07.11.2.100

Study on the Level of Multicultural Acceptance and Perception About Multicultural Families Using the IPA Method
Saeha Park ; Suk Joon Hwang* ; Chi-hyoung Park**
State University of New York, The United States
Kongju National University, Korea
Kongju National University, Korea

* Corresponding author
** Corresponding author


Abstract

This study examines how Koreans perceive multicultural families and how closely it relates to their social lives based on reliable statistics. This would reflect the attitude of Koreans when accepting multiple cultures. For social integration, it is essential to understand how Koreans feel about multicultural families, especially since such families have already become a part of the South Korean society.

This study identifies the level of multicultural acceptance of Koreans and explores the importance and achievement of multicultural acceptance components. Descriptive statistics and the IPA method were used to analyze raw data of the “2018 Multicultural Acceptance Survey” conducted by the Ministry of Gender Equality and Family for a total of 4,000 Korean adults in 2018. By examining factors related to multicultural acceptance, we can identify factors that promote or suppress multicultural acceptance and can suggest policy implications. According to the results, it is necessary to continuously resolve preconceived notions and irrational negative emotions toward foreign migrants. The number of multicultural families is rapidly increasing, and the understanding of the “diverse” is changing positively in Korea where the overall understanding has become more favorable compared to the past.


Keywords: multicultural family, multicultural acceptance, multicultural society, immigration, diversity

References
1. An, S. S., Min, M. S., & Kim, Y. S. (2012). National multicultural acceptance research. Seoul, South Korea: KWDI.
2. Bae, M. J. (2010). A qualitative study on media education for marriage immigrant women in a multi-cultural society. Unpublished master’s thesis, Chung-Ang University, Seoul, South Korea.
3. Baek, J. M., & Kwon, J. M. (2019). Study on the Factors Affecting the Multicultural Acceptability: Focused on Suwon. Multiculture & Peace, 13(3), 117–147.
4. Cho, W. K., Park, S. H., Seo, S. H., Song, K. B., An, H. J., Lee, H. H., & Han, S. H. (2019). Understanding and Practice of Multicultural Society. Paju, South Korea: Yangseowon.
5. Choi, J. M. (2018). A study on the factors that influence the use of beauty services among migrant women. Multiculture & Peace, 12(2), 99–120.
6. Hughes, D., Rodriguez, J., Smith, E. P., Johnson, D. J., Stevenson H. C., & Spicer, P. (2006). Parent’s ethnic-racial socialization practices: A review of research and directions for future study. Developmental Psychology, 42(5), 747–770.
7. Hwang, J. M. (2010). Analysis of multicultural acceptability in Korea: From the perspective of new politics of membership. The Journal of Asiatic Studies, 53(4), 152–184.
8. Kim, L. S., Choi, Y. J., Yoon, J. S., Lee, J. K., Moon, H. Y., Lee, M. J., & Yang, G. M. (2018). 2018 National Multicultural Acceptance. Seoul, South Korea: Ministry of Gender Equality and Family.
9. Kim, M. J. (2010). Development and validation of the multicultural acceptance inventory for Korean children. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, Korea University, Seoul, South Korea.
10. Lücke, G., Kostova, T., & Roth, K. (2014). Multiculturalism from a cognitive perspective: Patterns and implications. Journal of International Business Studies, 45(2), 169–190.
11. Martilla, J. A., & James, J. C. (1977). Importance-performance analysis. Journal of Marketing, 41(1), 77–79.
12. Min, M. S., An, S. S., Kim, Y. S., Kim, K. M., Cho, Y. K., & Ryu, J. A. (2010). Development of Korean type multicultural acceptability diagnostic tool. Seoul, South Korea: SIC.
13. Ministry of Justice (2018). Statistical yearbook of immigration and foreign policy in 2017. Seoul, South Korea: Ministry of Justice.
14. Moon, H. K. (2015). South Korea’s Demographic Changes and their Political Impact. Washington, DC: Center for East Asia Policy Studies at BROOKINGS.
15. Nesdale, D., & Flesser, D. (2001). Social identity and the development of children’s group attitudes. Child Development, 72(2), 506–517.
16. Park, H. N. (2015). Exploring trends and future directions of multicultural sensitivity related research. Multicultural Education Studies, 8(2), 47–68.
17. Park, H. S. (2013). The development and validation of a multicultural receptivity scale for Korean college students. Educational Research, 44(2), 219–248.
18. Park, K. T. (2008). Minorities and Korean Society. Seoul, South Korea: Humanitas.
19. Park, L., Lee, J. E., & Jun, H. J. (2020). According to Demographic Characteristics of Multicultural Families Beauty Education Experience and Interests. Multiculture & Peace, 14(1), 204–223.
20. Sarraj, H., Carter, S., & Burley, H. (2015). Literature review of multicultural instrumentation. Multicultural Perspectives, 17(4), 225–233.
21. Verkuyten, M. (2002). Ethnic attitudes among minority and majority children: The role of ethnic identification, peer group victimization and parents. Social Development, 11(4), 558–570.
22. Yang, K. M. (2009). The influence of Korean ethnic upon the multicultural receptiveness of adolescents. Studies on Korean Youth, 20(4), 387–422.
23. Yoon, I. J., & Song, Y. H. (2011). South Koreans’ perceptions of national identity and acceptance of multiculturalism. The Korean Journal of Unification Affairs, 23(1), 143–192.

Biographical Note

Saeha Park is Asian Center Teaching Assistant, State University of New York at Stony Brook, Her research interests include policy analysis, social polarization, administrative statistics, governance, and demographic change. Email: april.sh.park@gmail.com

Suk Joon Hwang is an Assistant Professor of the Department of Public Administration, Kongju National University. His research interests cover policy innovation & diffusion, policy process, state law & policy, and network analysis in the public sector. Email: sh11jmy@kongju.ac.kr

Chi-hyoung Park is a Professor of the Department of Public Administration, Kongju National University. His research interests include urban policy, social change, urban planning, social problem, and statistics. Email: chpark@kongju.ac.kr