OMNES : The Journal of multicultural society

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OMNES: The Journal of Multicultural Society - Vol. 13 , No. 1

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OMNES: The Journal of Multicultural Society - Vol. 13, No. 1, pp. 37-62
ISSN: 2093-5498 (Print)
Print publication date 31 Jan 2023
Received 22 Nov 2022 Revised 10 Jan 2023 Accepted 16 Jan 2023

Influence of Work-Family Conflict on Depressive Symptoms among Korean Married Working Mothers: The Effects of Social Support from Husbands
SunAh Lim
Jeonbuk National University, South Korea

Funding Information ▼


This study aimed to determine the relationship between two types of work-family conflict, self-esteem, and depressive symptoms, as well as the role of husbands’ social support. A survey was completed by 335 Korean married working mothers, and the data were analyzed using structural equation modeling (SEM) and multi-SEM. The results were as follows. First, family-work conflict was negatively associated with self-esteem in married mothers who received low social support from their husbands; however, no association was found among those who received high social support. Second, family-work conflict was positively related to depressive symptoms in married mothers receiving low social support from their husbands; however, no association was found among those receiving high social support. Third, the influence of family-work conflict on depressive symptoms through self-esteem showed different patterns depending on the level of social support. Self-esteem mediated the association between family work conflict and depressive symptoms in respondents reporting low spousal support. Our results have important implications for reducing family-work conflict and its negative consequences in married working women in South Korea.

Keywords: married working mothers, work-family conflict, depressive symptoms, self-esteem, spousal social support


This research was supported by “Research Base Construction Fund Support Program”funded by Jeonbuk National University in 2021.

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Biographical Note

Sun Ah Lim is a Professor in the Department of Education at the Jeonbuk National University, South Korea. She received her Ph.D. in Education from the University of California, Santa Barbara. Dr. Lim’s research interests focus on understanding adolescents perceptions of parent and teacher support; the individuals’ leaning motivation and positive psychological traits; and student trajectories into higher education. E-mail: