Sookmyung Institute for Multicultural Studies

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OMNES: The Journal of Multicultural Society - Vol. 7 , No. 2

[ Article ]
OMNES: The Journal of Multicultural Society - Vol. 7, No. 2, pp.99-127
ISSN: 2093-5498 (Print)
Print publication date Jan 2017
Received 05 Sep 2016 Revised 09 Dec 2016 Accepted 05 Jan 2017
DOI: https://doi.org/10.15685/omnes.2017.01.7.2.99

Employment Gap between Immigrant and Native Women in South Korea: Discrimination in the Labor Market Pre-entry Stage
Kyung-Eun Yang


Abstract

Using an extended version of the Oaxaca decomposition method, this study’s objective is to systematically examine the magnitude of discrimination within the South Korean labor market by focusing on the different employment opportunities available to immigrant and native women. Specific focus is accorded to what occurs to immigrant women in their labor market pre-entry stage. Data from Korea’s National Survey of Multicultural Families (NSMF) and the Korean Labor & Income Panel Study (KLIPS), both conducted in 2009, have been used. The results show that immigrant women experience considerable barriers prior to entering the Korean labor market. Moreover, the Oaxaca decomposition result suggests that when all individual factors were controlled for, a significant proportion of the employment gap remained unexplained. Such a result suggests that there is a systemic discrimination that extends beyond the individual’s scope.


Keywords: female marriage migrants, discrimination, employment gap, labor market, South Korea